Through the years Anchorage has been home to some of the Greater Louisville area's wealthiest citizens, though most of the old estates have been divided up are now luxury home sites. Anchorage is a 4th-class city in eastern Jefferson County. Part of the city is designated as the Anchorage Historic District, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.
Anchorage obtained its name from the estate of the riverboat captain and early resident, James W. Goslee and was chosen to honor him when the city incorporated in 1878, three years after he died. It is believed that the anchor hanging inside the rim of the locomotive wheel in the center of town was taken by his ship, the Matamora.
Anchorage is known for its serene park-like setting with tree-lined streets of big oaks and magnolias, stone bridges and triangle intersections. Anchorage is largely a residential community with some quaint restaurants, local businesses, shops, boutiques, churches, post office and its own school.